As a tropical country with an average of 12 to 13 hours of daily sunlight, Malaysia has a huge potential for solar energy. However, despite this potential, the adoption of solar energy and electric vehicles (EVs) in Malaysia has been limited due to a number of challenges.
One of the main challenges to adopting EVs in Malaysia is the high upfront cost. EVs tend to be more expensive than traditional gasoline-powered vehicles, which can be a barrier for many consumers. Another challenge is the limited charging infrastructure in the country, which can make it difficult for EV owners to find a place to charge their vehicles. In addition, the limited availability of EVs in Malaysia can make it difficult for consumers to find a model that meets their needs.
Another challenge to adopting solar energy in Malaysia is the limited solar energy options available in the country. This can make it difficult for consumers to find a solar energy solution that meets their needs. The high upfront cost of solar energy systems is also a barrier for many consumers.
One specific challenge for EVs in Malaysia is the issue of vandalism, which can lead to higher maintenance costs due to the need for constant repairs and replacements. To address this issue, it may be helpful to increase security measures around charging stations and plugs, such as installing surveillance cameras or hiring security guards.
The scarcity of established maintenance ecosystems for EVs in Malaysia is another challenge. Currently, there are only a few service centers available in the country, which can make it difficult for EV owners to access the maintenance and repair services they need. Improving the availability of EV service centers and spare parts in Malaysia could help to address this issue.
The small land area and high-rise nature of many housing developments in Malaysian cities can be a challenge for the adoption of solar energy. While it is possible to install solar panels on the rooftops of these buildings, the limited space available may result in small power generation that is not sufficient to meet the energy needs of the entire building. One option is to install solar panels on the sides of the building, rather than on the ground, to avoid shadows from surrounding buildings. Building-integrated photovoltaics (BIPV) systems, which involve installing solar panels directly into the building’s structure, may also be an option for increasing power generation.
As a middle-income developing country, Malaysia faces the challenge of balancing the adoption of new technologies with the need to keep costs reasonable. While EVs and solar energy have the potential to significantly reduce reliance on fossil fuels and improve air quality in the country, the high adoption and maintenance costs associated with these technologies may be a concern for many consumers.